The parties to the dispute may also agree on arbitration proceedings after a dispute has arisen or even after legal action has been filed. Some jurisdictions exclude or limit the possibility of arbitration proceedings for reasons of protection of the most vulnerable members of the public, for example. B consumers. Thus, German law excludes from any form of arbitration disputes relating to the rental of dwellings, whereas arbitration agreements with consumers are deemed valid only if they are signed and if the signed document has no content other than the arbitration agreement.  The first was the choice of an English seat. The choice of a court other than the seat of arbitration suggests that the law of that country regarding the enforcement and monitoring of arbitration proceedings applies to the proceedings.